Wind action is an important design consideration for most buildings. Several direction and terrain dependent factors are taken into account during the wind load calculation. But how can we calculate the effect of the building height?
MasterSeries provides extensive in-built steel cross-section libraries and built-up and parametric cross-section creation possibilities to empower engineers to be able to create any kind of structural solution. But sometimes you need to import a new cross-section library or user-defined sections.
Typically a four-bolt column base is usually considered to be a nominally pinned support in structural analysis. However, benefit can be taken from the stiffness of nominally pinned bases to reduce frame deflections and to reduce the effects of the deformed geometry.
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Comparison of the first- and second-order analysis and the possible effects of the deformation on the analysis results
Modern design codes provide several analysis options to determine the structural deflections and internal forces for dimensioning. These codes define certain usable boundaries, but between them, it is more or less the choice of the engineer which method is the most suitable to the actual design situation. In engineering practice, for building structures, the only analysis types that are likely to be used are first-order (linear static) analysis and second-order (P-delta static) analysis.